Monday, April 10, 2017

The United States, the States, and the People - Three different entities of the Constitution

In the lines of the Constitution we find references to the United States, the States or the several States, and the People. Just what is meant and just what is encompassed by these terms we can elucidate from the various uses of each term in the Constitution. First, the United States. Most folks think of the USA as a nation, singular, but that is not the case. The Framers did not form a new nation, they formed a Union of nations, often called states. Throughout the Constitution the entity, the United States of America, is referred to in the plural, talking "their jurisdiction" (13th Amendment) or "any of them" Article III, Section 3 on treason. The idea that the USA is a nation and not that the USA ARE a Union is a modern invention created by a socialist attempting to destroy state sovereignty. Next, States. What are the States? They are the original political organizational groups who came together and created "the United States of America", the Union. The States are individual nations bound by an agreed to law, the Constitution. The States are different and apart from the United States and from the People. Last, the People. Who are the People? They are the sovereigns of the Earth, endowed with Rights from their Creator. They organize and form States, and through those States, the United States. Each of these governmental groups being subordinate to the People. Within the Constitution, each of these entities is referred separately. Grants of power are made to the United States from the States as agents of the People. Some restrictions on State powers are enumerated in the Constitution. Lastly Rights of the People and the final resting of power in the hands of the People is referenced. These distinctions are important because of some misunderstanding of the Constitution and some changes made that were improper. Look at the 17th Amendment. In it, the Senate is changed from being chosen by "the State" to being chosen by "the People". Some think there is no difference but the 10th Amendment tells a different story. The 10th tell us that the States and the People are distinct and different. The 17th Amendment thus takes away State suffrage in the Senate and moves the suffrage to the People. This means the 17th Amendment was never properly ratified because of the restriction in Article V wherein no State can be deprived of its suffrage in the Senate without its permission. The 17th had to have unanimous ratification to be legitimate. We can also look at the commerce power in Article I Section 8. The power is to regulate commerce among the States. The Constitution proves that States are separate from the People through how the terms are used. The power to regulate commerce is that wherein the States are involved in the commerce NOT the people/corporations/businesses. Why would this be? Because the Constitution was written in a manner to grant powers to the federal government in order to maintain the flow of commerce among the States, so that particular States would not interfere with other States. Note that it is not he power to regulate commerce among nations or among the Indian tribes. The power to regulate commerce does not touch upon regulating manufacturing, or regulating things, or even regulating vessels of transport. The power to regulate stages on the post roads was evaluated and not approved in the convention of 1787. The power over stages on the post roads was left to each state in which the post road ran. Why? Because the States would never give up power over their internal operations. Thus the terms, the United States of America, the States, and the People are independent but related body-politics. Each has its own realm of authority with the People being at the top, the States, the United States at the bottom, albeit with full delegated authority within the grants of power. All powers not delegated are withheld.

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